SUDAN WATCH: FULL TEXT: Nine Agreements between Sudan and South Sudan Sept. 2012 re: Cooperation, Security, Borders, Cross Border Trade, Banking, Post Service Benefits, Citizenship and Status of Nationals, Certain Economic Matters, Oil; plus two Agreements March 2013 re: Implementation Modalities for Security Arrangements & Adoption of Implementation Matrix incl. Abyei Area (TASA)

Saturday, March 16, 2013

FULL TEXT: Nine Agreements between Sudan and South Sudan Sept. 2012 re: Cooperation, Security, Borders, Cross Border Trade, Banking, Post Service Benefits, Citizenship and Status of Nationals, Certain Economic Matters, Oil; plus two Agreements March 2013 re: Implementation Modalities for Security Arrangements & Adoption of Implementation Matrix incl. Abyei Area (TASA)

ON 27 September 2012, nine agreements between Sudan and South Sudan were signed, under the auspices of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.  The nine agreements (links to which are listed here below) concern:  Cooperation, Oil, Security, Nationals, Post Service Benefits, Trade, Banking, Border Issues, Certain Economic Matters.

On Friday 08 March 2013, an "Agreement on Implementation Modalities" was signed between Sudan and South Sudan at the Extraordinary Meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM) in Addis Ababa.  The agreement consists of a detailed plan and timetable for the full implementation of all the elements of the "Agreement on Security Arrangements" between Sudan and South Sudan signed on 27 September 2012. 

The "Agreement on Implementation Modalities" commits Sudan and South Sudan to a set of actions beginning on “D‐Day”, Sunday 10 March 2013, including unconditional withdrawal of all forces to their side of the Safe Demilitarised Border Zone (SDBZ) and the deployment of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM), with logistical support and logistical protection provided by the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).

The two Governments committed themselves to implementing these steps in an unconditional and coordinated manner.  The signing of the "Agreement on Implementation Modalities" removes the sole remaining obstacle to the full implementation of the nine agreements signed by the two Presidents on 27 September 2012.   

Here below are links to a copy of each of the nine agreements, followed by a link to the agreement on modalities for the implementation of the "Agreement on Security Arrangements" between Sudan and South Sudan, plus a link to an agreement entitled "Adoption of Implementation Matrix by The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan" signed in Addis Ababa on Tuesday 12 March 2013.

SUDAN AND SOUTH SUDAN'S NINE BILATERAL AGREEMENTS 
SIGNED ON 27 SEPTEMBER 2012

- The Cooperation Agreement
- Security Arrangements
- Borders
- Cross Border Trade
- Banking
- Post Service Benefits
- Citizenship and the Status of Nationals
- Certain Economic Matters
- Oil

The Cooperation Agreement

Full text of the 27 September 2012 Cooperation Agreement creating a vehicle for ratification of the eight other agreements by national assemblies within forty days and committing to expeditiously completing negotiations on the disputed and claimed areas.  Agreement provides that the AUHIP will continue to engage on the issue of Abyei with the African Union and the UN Security Council.

Title:  The Cooperation Agreement between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by:
H.E. Omar Hassan Al Bashir, President of the Republic of the Sudan, On behalf of The Government of the Republic of Sudan.
H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Repbulic of South Sudan, On behalf of The Government of the Republic of South Sudan. 
Witnessed by:
H.E. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, Chairperson, African Union High Level Implementation Panel, On behalf of the AUHIP.
H.E. Haile Mariam Dessalegne, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, On behalf of the Intergovernmental Authority for Development.
View full copy online at: 
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/cooperation-framework.html - or: 
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/The-Cooperation-Agreement-Between-Sudan-and-South-Sudan0001.pdf

Security Arrangements

Full text of the 27 September 2012 Agreement on Security Arrangements, safe demilitarised border zone and special arrangements for complete demilitarisation of 14 Mile area.

Title:  Agreement on Security Arrangements between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by: 
H.E. Lt Gen (PSC) Eng. Abdulrahim Mohamed Hussien, Minister of Defence, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan. 
H.E. John Kong Nyuon, Minister of Defence and Veteran Affairs, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by: 
H.E. General Abdusalami Abubakar, On behalf of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan.
View full copy online at:
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/security-arrangements.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-Security-Arrangements-2709120001.pdf

Borders

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement to "soft border" principles and commitment to demarcate the border through a joint demarcation committee.

Title:  Agreement between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan on Border Issues
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by:
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan. 
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:  H.E. Pierre Buyoya, On behalf of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel.
View copy online at: 
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/borders.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-Border-Issues-2709120001.pdf

Cross Border Trade

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement committing to establish a joint ministerial committee on trade relations to address bilateral trade questions including customs cooperation, banking relations, combating cross-border smuggling and money-laundering, trade related dispute mechanisms and usage of ports for non-oil goods.

Title:  Agreement on Trade and Trade Related Issues between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of Sudan Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by:
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan. 
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:  H.E. Pierre Buyoya, On behalf of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel.
View full copy online at: 
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/cross-border-trade.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-trade-Sudan-South-Sudan-2709120001.pdf

Banking

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement to establish Joint Central Banks Committee and confirming the protection of the rights of commercial banks operating in both countries.

Title:  Agreement on a Framework for Cooperation on Central Banking Issues between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by: 
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan.
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:
H.E. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, Chairperson, African Union High Level Implementation Panel, On behalf of the AUHIP.
View full copy online at:
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/banking.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-Banking-2709120001.pdf

Post Service Benefits

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement recognising reciprocal obligation to pay pensioners benefits notwithstanding change in citizenship and commitment to establish Joint Technical Committee on Pensions.

Title:  Framework Agreement to Facilitate Payment of Post Service Benefits between The Republic of the Sudan and The Repubic of Sudan Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by:
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan. 
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by: 
H.E. General Abdusalami Abubakar, On behalf of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel.
View full copy online at: 
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/post-service-benefits.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-Post-Service-Benefits-SudanSouth-S0001.pdf

Certain Economic Matters

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement between the parties that Republic of Sudan retain all external debt liabilities and assets as predecessor state with corresponding commitment to joint-creditor outreach strategy.

Title:  Agreement between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan on Certain Economic Matters
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by: 
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan.
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by: H.E. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, Chairperson, African Union High Level Implementation Panel, On behalf of the AUHIP.
View copy online at:
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/certain-economic-matters.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Agreement-on-Certain-Economic-Matters-2709120001.pdf

Citizenship and the Status of Nationals

Full text of the 27 September 2012 agreement affirming mutual commitment to recognising the four freedoms of nationals of the other state and committing to establish a Joint High Level Committee to oversee adoption and implementation of relevant measures.

Title:  Framework Agreement on the Status of Nationals of the Other State and Related Matters between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by:
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan. 
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:  H.E. Pierre Buyoya, On behalf of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel.
View full copy online at:
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/citizenship-and-the-status-of-nationals.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Nationals-Agreement-2709120001.pdf

Oil

Full text of the September 27, 2012 agreement between the parties codifying August 3 agreement on oil transport fees, transitional financial arrangement, mutual forgiveness of oil related claims and resumption of oil production, processing and transportation.

Title:  Agreement between The Government of the Republic of South Sudan and The Government of the Republic of the Sudan on Oil and Related Economic Matters
Date:  Addis Ababa, 27 September 2012
Signed by: 
H.E. Idriss Abdel Gadir, On behalf of The Republic of the Sudan.
H.E. Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of The Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:
H.E. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, Chairperson, African Union High Level Implementation Panel, On behalf of the AUHIP.
View full copy online at: 
http://www.rssnegotiationteam.org/oil.html - or:
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/files/2012/09/Oil-Agreement-between-SudanSouth-Sudan0001.pdf
- - -

Agreement on Modalities for the implementation of the Security Arrangements Agreement between Sudan and South Sudan

The "Agreement on Implementation Modalities", signed at the Extraordinary Meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Friday 08 March 2013, commits Sudan and South Sudan to a set of actions beginning on “D‐Day”, Sunday 10 March 2013, including unconditional withdrawal of all forces to their side of the Safe Demilitarised Border Zone (SDBZ) and the deployment of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM), with logistical support and logistical protection provided by the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).

Title:  Implementation Modalities for Security Arrangements agreed on 27th September 2012 Between The Republic of the Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan, Addis Ababa 08 March 2013
Date:  Addis Ababa, 08 March 2013
Signed by: 
H.E. 1st Lt. Gen (PSC) Eng. Abdul Raheem Mohammad Hussein, Minister of Defense, Government of Sudan.
H.E. Gen. John Kuong Nyuon, Minister of Defense and Veteran Affairs, Government of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:
H.E. Gen. Abdulsalami A. Abubakar, African Union High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan and South Sudan.
View full copy online at:
http://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/document-implementation-modalities-security-arrangements - or:
http://radiotamazuj.org/sites/default/files/Sudan%20&%20South%20Sudan%20Implementation%20Modalities%20for%20Security%20Agreement.pdf
- - -

Agreement on Implementation Matrix for Agreements

On Tuesday 12 March 2013, Sudan and South Sudan adopted an integrated Matrix to facilitate the coordinated implementation of their commitments as reflected in the Agreements referred to in the "Cooperation Agreement" of 27 September 2012.  In particular, the Parties shall be guided by the principle of good faith and the principles set forth in the Preamble of the "Cooperation Agreement".

Title:  ADOPTION OF IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX by The Republic of the Sudan And The Republic of South Sudan
Date: Addis Ababa, 12 March 2013
Signed by:
H.E. Idris Mohame Abdel Gader, On behalf of the Government of the Republic of the Sudan.
H.E Pagan Amum Okiech, On behalf of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan.
Witnessed by:
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, Chairperson, African Union High Level Implementation for Sudan and South Sudan, On behalf of the AUHIP.
View full copy (courtesy of Matthew Russell Lee, Inner City Press.com 12 March 2013) at:
http://www.innercitypress.com/sudansouthsudanmatrix031213icp.pdf
- - -

POSTSCRIPT BY THE EDITOR OF SUDAN WATCH

Here's wishing all the Parties the very best of luck.  God bless all the peace makers and the children of Sudan and South Sudan and keep them from harm.  Please stop the greedy, ambitious evil doers and rebels and their misguided friends in Washington from promoting violence and sanctions in order to get what they want for themselves.  Violence and sanctions add to the suffering of poor and poorly people who are in urgent need of access to safe drinking water, food, shelter, medical care and security - not forgetting the welfare of animals and the wellbeing and voting rights of nomads.

Note that an additional agreement, entitled "Agreement on Temporary Arrangements for Administration and Security of the Abyei Area (TASA)", has been included in the Adoption of Implementation Matrix for Agreements between Sudan and South Sudan.  According to a Press Release issued by the African Union Commission, Tuesday 12 March 2013 (see full copy here below - courtesy of APO):   "The Implementation Matrix also includes an agreement on the modalities and timelines for the implementation of the Agreement on Temporary Arrangements for the Administration and Security of the Abyei Area, in particular the establishment of the Abyei Area Administration, the Abyei Area Council, and the Abyei Area Police. The Chairperson of the Commission urges Sudan and South Sudan to adhere to the timelines, which are necessary to ensure that the return of displaced persons and the seasonal migration of nomadic groups can continue in a peaceful atmosphere."

Press Release


The African Union welcomes the signing of the implementation matrix for the agreements signed between Sudan and South Sudan

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, March 12, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ – The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU), Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, welcomes the signing, in Addis Ababa, in the early hours of 12 March 2013, of the Implementation Matrix for the Agreements  between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan.

This Matrix elaborates the modalities for the implementation of the nine Agreements signed by President Omar Hassan al Bashir and President Salva Kiir Mayardit in Addis Ababa, on 27 September 2012.  It comes four days after the signing of the Implementation Modalities for Security Arrangements, during the extraordinary meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM) held in Addis Ababa on 8 March 2013. The Implementation Matrix confirms D-Day for the implementation of all the Agreements as 10 March 2013. Among other things, this latest Agreement paves the way for the resumption of oil production and the transit of South Sudan’s oil through Sudan.

The Implementation Matrix also includes an agreement on the modalities and timelines for the implementation of the Agreement on Temporary Arrangements for the Administration and Security of the Abyei Area, in particular the establishment of the Abyei Area Administration, the Abyei Area Council, and the Abyei Area Police. The Chairperson of the Commission urges Sudan and South Sudan to adhere to the timelines, which are necessary to ensure that the return of displaced persons and the seasonal migration of nomadic groups can continue in a peaceful atmosphere.

The Chairperson also notes with appreciation that both governments have commenced withdrawal of their armed forces from their common border, as stipulated in the Agreement on Security Arrangements signed on 27 September 2012 and agreed in the Implementation Modalities for Security Arrangements signed on 8 March 2013.  She stresses that this augurs well for the full normalization of relations between the two countries.

The Chairperson of the Commission commends the leadership of the two countries for their commitment, and looks forward to the planned visit of President Al Bashir to Juba, as the next step in cementing mutually cooperative relations between them. The Chairperson of the Commission notes that the Final Status of the Abyei Area and the resolution of the Disputed and Claimed Areas are the only remaining outstanding issues, and expresses the belief that the positive atmosphere created by the most recent Agreements, and the commitment to their implementation, provide the basis for the resolution of these outstanding matters.

The Chairperson would like to thank President Thabo Mbeki and General Abdulsalami Abubakar, for their continued commitment and unstinting efforts to assist Sudan and South Sudan to resolve their outstanding issues and build two viable and mutually cooperative states.

Source:  African Union Commission (AUC)
http://appablog.wordpress.com/2013/03/12/the-african-union-welcomes-the-signing-of-the-implementation-matrix-for-the-agreements-signed-between-sudan-and-south-sudan/
- - -

Related Reports

(Sudan Watch) - Saturday, 09 March 2013: 
Sudan, South Sudan sign agreement for implementation of security arrangements: "D-day is March 10 2013 plus 4 days" -Mbeki, AUHIP. UN Chief Ban Ki Moon welcomes new border agreements
http://sudanwatch.blogspot.co.uk/2013/03/sudan-south-sudan-sign-agreement-for.html

(Sudan Watch) - Wednesday, 02 May 2012: 
FULL TEXT:  UN Security Council Report May 2012 Sudan and South Sudan
http://sudanwatch.blogspot.co.uk/2012/05/full-text-un-security-council-report_02.html

(Sudan Watch) - Tuesday, 01 May 2012:
FULL TEXT:  African Union Peace and Security Council Roadmap for action by Sudan and South Sudan
http://sudanwatch.blogspot.co.uk/2012/05/full-text-african-union-peace-and.html

Thank you for reading SUDAN WATCH.

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