SUDAN WATCH: Disputes in East and South Sudan remain a threat to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Saturday, October 01, 2005

Disputes in East and South Sudan remain a threat to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Committee Chairman Richard Lugart, at a U.S. Senate hearing 28 Sep 2005, cautioned:
"Even as we focus on Darfur, we must be cognizant that simmering disputes in the East [of Sudan] and the South remain a threat to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement."
Eastern Front activity

Area of Eastern Front activity

Note this excerpt from the Economist 29 Sep 2005 - Enemies everywhere: Discord in eastern Sudan threatens the peace accord with the south -
As the main southern group, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), withdraws its forces from the country's eastern belt as part of its agreement signed earlier this year with the government in Khartoum, eastern rebels are replacing them. The Eastern Front's bases are over the border, in Eritrea. Sudanese government forces and tribal militias are limbering up for a showdown on the Sudanese side of the border. There are growing fears that the government in Khartoum is planning to unleash the militias, just as they did in the west, when mounted Arab levies known as the janjaweed were allowed, and probably encouraged, to commit an array of atrocities against the disaffected Darfuris, leaving perhaps 180,000 dead.

The Eastern Front was set up last year as an alliance between two eastern tribal rebel groups, the Rashaida tribe's Free Lions and the Beja Congress. They were later joined by the Darfuris' Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). The rebels' gravest threat is to block the flow of oil, which is exported through Port Sudan at a rate of 300,000 barrels a day. The government also plans to build a second refinery nearby that would double the output of Sudan's refined oil within three years. That plan, too, could be stymied.
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Darfur rebel group SLA destabilising peace talks

Sep 30 Independent UK report says the African Union has complained that the Darfur rebel group SLA is destabilising the talks by continuing to fight:
The SLA insists it is only defending itself. The talks are also likely to be hindered by the fact that the SLA has splintered into several groups. A recent UN policy meeting in Darfur was disrupted by Sudanese national security forces, which arrested and later released several of the Sudanese participants.


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